Heraldry Dictionary Section B
Bachelors Arms. The
paternal coat. See Arms of a Bachelor.
See Arms of a Knight Bachelor.
Also termed "Playing Tables."
swords, a Cutlass.
Badge. A device,
anciently placed on banners, ensigns, caparisons, and liveries;
but it fell into disuse in the reign of Queen Elizabeth
with the rest of the brilliant relics of the feudal system.
The Badge is never placed on a wreath, and the few families
who still use it, have it either depicted below the shield;
or if they bear two, one is placed on either side of the
Badger or Brock.
This often fierce animal, cousin to the wolverine, is a
symbol of tenacity, and protection. They protect there
young at any cost and have been known to fight off
wolves, and even bears. Badgers have powerful forelegs
which enable them to dig through the ground easily and
swiftly to capture prey such as hares, squirrels and the
like. A male badger is called a boar, a female a sow, a
young badger a cub, and the collective name for a group
of badgers, is a clan. The German word for Badger is
Dachs, and the famous dachshunds were originally bred to
hunt them in a once popular sport practiced by the
nobles of olde. In many cultures, the badger is symbolic
of aggression. Although rare in early heraldry, the
badger is enjoying somewhat of resurgence in modern
heraldry, as enthusiast discover its historical
Bagril. See Minnow.
Bagwyn. An imaginary
Baillone. A term
to express a lion rampant, holding in the mouth a staff
Balance. An apparatus
for weighing bodies; a beam with two opposite scales. This
is usually, though incorrectly, blazoned a pair of Scales,
whereas the scales are the two bowls attached to the end
of the beam which together with them makes up the Balance
and are said to be equally poised.
Balcanifer or Baldakinifer.
A standard-bearer of the Knights Templars.
Bald-Coot. A water-fowl.
Bald-Head. See Death's
Baldric or Bauldrick.
A belt usually worn over the shoulder. See Baudrick.
Bale. A package of
Bale of Piedmont.
Balista or Sweep.
A machine anciently used for throwing stones.
Ball, Fire or Ball Fired.
With fire issuing from the top. If otherwise
it must be named, as a Ball fired in four places.
Band. The fillet
or bandage by which a sheaf of corn, arrows etc. are bound
Bande. The bend dexter.
Bande-en. In bend.
tied round with a band of a different tincture from itself,
is said to be banded, as a Garb, sheaf of arrows, plumes,
Banderole. A streamer
tied under the crook of a Pastoral Staff, and folding round
Banderville or Bannerolle.
A diminutive of the banner, used at funerals
and generally displays the arms of different families with
whom the ancestors of the deceased person were connected
of four staves, fixed crossways to a plate, each crowned
at the ends.
Banner. Is co-eval
with the introduction of Heraldry. It is a square flag,
and on it are exhibited the owner's arms; gentlemen have
a right to display their banners on their mansions, but
the common practice, when they exhibit any banner, is to
hoist the Union-Jack, which might with quite as much propriety
be painted on their carriages. See Ensign, Flag and Standard.
Being open and flying.
Banner Funeral. A
small square flag on which the arms are painted, it is fringed
and affixed to a staff, or pike.
Banner Great. The
Great Banner is that on which all the quarterings of the
deceased are painted. The size of the several Banner's were
originally as follows; viz. That of an Emperor; six feet
square. King; five feet square. Prince or Duke; four feet
square. Marquis, Earl, Viscount, Baron, and Knight-baronet;
three feet square.
Banner, the National.
The Union Jack.
Banneret. See Knight
Bannerolls or Banner-Rolls.
Used at the funeral of either a man or woman,
are three feet square composed of silk on which are painted
Bar or Barr. One
of the sub-ordinaries containing a fifth of the shield,
and may be borne in any part of it. Two or more bars are
frequently borne on the same field, as two bar, three bars.
The diminutives of the bar are the Closet, which is half
the bar, Closets and the Barrulct, which is half the Closet;
when these diminutives are placed two and two in a Shield
they are called Baragemel. When one or more Barrulets are
placed on each side of a Fesse; the Fesse is said to be
Cottised. These are all subject to the accidental forms
of lines as engrailed, embattled, flory, etc.
Bar-Gate. See Gate.
Bar-Geme, Barr-Gemel, Gemelle
or Gemellus Double. Are double bars, or two bars
placed near and parallel with each other.
Bar In. When two
or more charges are placed horizontally they are said to
Bar, per base or Bar Meire.
A term used by some writers to express potent,
or potent counter-potent. It is by Randle Home, termed varry
cuppy, or cuppa, and verrey tassa.
Bar, per and canton or cantoned.
Better per-fesse cantoned. Is the field divided
per-fesse and per-canton.
Barde or Barred.
Same as Barry.
Bardings. Horse trappings
often enriched with Armorial bearings.
Barbed. A term variously
applied. Firstly: to the points that stand back in the head
of an arrow or fishing-hook, etc. Secondly: to a Cross when
its extremities are like the barbed irons used for striking
fish. Thirdly: to the five leases of the Heraldic-Rose;
which always appear on its outside. Fourthly: sometimes
used to express the comb and gills of a cock. Fifthly: to
a Horse; when a war-horse is completely accoutred he is
termed a Barbed horse, or Steed. Sixthly: to the needles
or beard of barley, etc.
Barbel. A fish. Generally
Barberry. A branch
The Bardings of the Knightly war-horses were commonly charged
with heraldic insignia.
Barded Courser. A
Barley Ears. Garb
Barnacle-Goose or Barnacle-Fowl.
A large water-fowl.
Barnacles. An instrument
used by Farriers, depicted either extended or closed, they
are also termed Horse-Barnacles.
Baron. The lowest
rank of the British-Peerage. See Arms of a Baron.
Baroness. The wife
of a Baron. She is styled "My Lady" and is "Right Honourable".
Her Coronet is the same as her Husband.
Baron and Femme.
Husband and wife. The Arms are borne impaled, the husband's
on the dexter and the wife's on the sinister. If the woman
is an Heiress, or Co-Heiress, her Arms are borne in an Escutcheon
Baronet. The lowest
degree of hereditary dignity; rank among themselves according
to creation, and follow next to the younger sons of barons,
taking precedence of all Knights, except of the Garter.
The order was originally instituted by King James I in 1611
for the colonization of Ulster, and the Arms of that province
were deemed the most appropriate insignia. They are placed
on a canton or in an escutcheon on the paternal coat, in
the most convenient spot. When the Shield contains many
quartering's, it should be borne in the paternal coat, and
not as is frequently the case upon the intersection, or
partition of the shield. This does not apply where the Baronet
has two surnames, bearing arms for each quarterly; then
it ought to be placed on the centre division of the four
Is on an escutcheon ar. a sinister hand, erect and apaumée,
couped at the wrist gu.
On a gold circle showing four pearls. See Coronet.
Baron's Mantle. See
Barraly. Same as
Barre or Barre-Une.
A Bend Sinister.
Barrel. A Cask or
Barrelet, Barrulet, Barrellet,
Barrula, or Barrule. A diminutive of the Bar.
with an annulet.
Barrulette, Barruly or Burely.
Same as Barry. Also termed Barruletty, and barruled.
Barry. A term to
express the field or charge when equally divided by horizontal
lines. These division are composed of two tinctures and
their number must be named, e.g. Barry of eight, Barry of
Bar-Shot. A bar of
iron, having a ball, or shot at each end.
Baruly or Barruled.
Barwise or Barways.
Implies anything placed, in a horizontal line across
Base. The bottom
of the shield. When a charge is placed at the bottom of
the field, it is termed In Base, and, if not occupying the
middle of the base, it must be expressed as being in the
dexter or sinister base point.
Base-Bar. A portion
of the base of the shield equal in width to a Bar, parted
on by a horizontal line.
termed Base Escuers.
Based or Bas't. A
Basilisk. As represented
in Heraldry resembles the heraldic wivern, but with the
head of a dragon at the end of the tail, and with the comb,
wattles, and spurs of a Cock; it is also termed the Amphisien-Cockatrice.
Basinet. A close-fitting
Basket. A vessel
made of rushes, twigs or splinters.
Basket or Shruttle.
Used for winnowing corn; it is also termed a Fan, or
Basnet, Bassinet, Bassenet or
Bacinet. An ancient name for a helmet.
Bast. See Based.
Baste, Based, Bast or Baste.
A portion of the base of a shield, the same as
Bastile. A double
embattlement. See as Battled-Embattled.
Baston or Batume.
Bath King of Arms.
Is not a member of the Heralds College, but takes precedence
next after Garter King of Arms. He has a crown like the
other Kings, and a peculiar costume directed by the statutes
of the order.
Bath, Order of. See
Knighthood, Orders of.
Baton or Batton.
A truncheon or leading staff given to Field Marshals, and
other high officers, as a token of authority.
Baton Sinister, Baston, Batton,
Battoon or Batune. Also termed a Fissure. A mark
of illegitimacy, is a diminutive of the bend sinister, being
one fourth its breadth. It does not extend from side to
side of the shield; and may be borne either plain or charged.
The Baton has been adopted since the fifteenth century,
in England, to mark the illegitimate descendants of the
Royal Family only; before which time no positive rule prevailed,
since the more ancient ways of marking illegitimacy were
by the Bend, either placing the Father's arms thereon or
debruising them by it; the Border was also used as a mark
Battelle or Battelled.
instrument used by the ancients to breach walls. It had
a metal head like that of a ram, whence its name.
Battled, Embattled or Imbattled.
When any of the ordinaries are borne in the form
of the battlements of a castle, on one side only.
Signifies that the tops of the battlements should be
One battlement upon another.
Battled-Grady or Embattled-Grady.
So termed because it resembles the form of steps.
Battelly. Same as
Battlements of a Tower.
The upper works of a castle or fortification.
Bauceant or Beauseant.
A banner of the Knights Templers in the thirteenth
century. It was an oblong flag per-fesse. sa. and ar.
Baudrick. A sword
belt, passing over the right shoulder and under the left
Bauteroll. See Boteroll.
Bay-At or Standing at Bay.
The position of a stag standing in his own defence,
with his head downwards.
Bay-Tree. The Laurel-Tree.
Beacon, or Beacon-Fire.
From the Saxon becnian, to beckon, or call together,
denotes a signal-fire; which was usually lighted on a pole
erected on some hill or other eminence.
Beak. See Bird.
Beaked. Birds are
termed beaked, when the bills are of a different tincture
from the bodies. See Bird.
Beam. A term to express
the main horn of a hart, or buck.
Beams or Rays of the Sun.
Generally borne issuing from charges, and then
termed Radiant, Rayonned, Rayon- nant, or Rayonnée.
Bear. A common bearing
in Heraldry as a Bear pass. Muzzled. The Bear is always
to be drawn muzzled if not expressed to the contrary. The
fore leg of a Bear which is frequently used in Armoury,
is called a Game.
Beard. The barbs
of an arrow, or pheon, blazoned barbed. See Barbed.
Bearded. A man's
head in armoury is always understood to be bearded if not
Bearded or Blazing.
A term to express the tail of a comet, or blazing star.
Bearded. See Aulned.
Bearing. Any charge
may be called a bearing; a coat of arms in general.
Bearings. A term
applied to the entire coat of arms with all its appendages.
Beauseant. See Bauceant.
Beautified. See Adorned.
Beauvoir. See Beaver.
Beaver, Visor or Vizor.
The part of the helmet which protected the face,
and which could be raised or lowered at pleasure.
Beaver. The emblem
of industry and perseverance.
Beaver's Tails. Are
found as charges in Armoury.
Bebally. Used by
old writers for party-per-pale.
Becque. Same as Beak.
Bee. Much used in
Armoury as the emblem of industry; generally given to those
who have raised themselves by industry and perseverance.
depicted as surrounded with bees. It is then blazoned, a
beehive beset, or replenished with bees diversely volant.
met with as a bearing.
Beer-Butt. A large
Beetle. A Maul or
Belfry. That part
of a building that a bell is hung.
Belic. See Gules.
Belled. A term applied
to Hawks, when bells are affixed to their legs, which is
generally the case in coat armour.
Bellfroy. Same as
Bellows. An instrument
for propelling air through a tube.
Bells. As borne in
armoury are of two kinds. Falcon's bells and Church bells.
In blazoning church bells, if the tongues are of a different
tincture from the bell itself, the Bell is said to be tongued
of such a tincture; or they are sometimes blazoned bells
with clappers of such a tincture. The term "Cannoned" is
also applied to their tongues.
Belt or Girdle. A
strap with a buckle.
Bend. One of the
honourable ordinaries, is formed by two parallel diagonal
lines, drawn from the dexter chief to the sinister base.
It contains one third of the field. If depicted the reverse
way, i.e. from sinister chief to dexter base, it is termed
a Bend Sinister, which must be so expressed. It may be formed
either by straight or crooked lines, in the former case
is simply called a Bend. In the latter a Bend Engrailed,
Invecked, Indented, etc, according to the form of crooked
line which it assumes. The Diminutives of the Bend are the
Bendlet, Garter, Cost, and Ribbon; of the Bend Sinister
the Scarpe and Batton.
Bende or Bendys.
The old way of spelling bend and bends.
Bending or Rebending.
The same as Bowed, or Embowed.
Bendlet or Bendil.
A diminutive of the bend.
Bendwise, Bendways or In Bend.
A term to express the position of charges when
placed obliquely, resembling a bend either dexter or sinister.
Bendy. Is when the
field is equally divided bendways and may be of any number
Bendys. See Bende.
Beque or Beaked.
A bird is termed beaked, when its bill is of a different
tincture from the body.
Berly. An ancient
term for Barry.
Besanty. See Bezantee.
Besaunte. A bezant.
eg - a bee hive beset with bees diversely volant.
Between. A term applied
to the principal charge occupying a central position as
a cross between four roses.
Bevelded. See Beviled.
Bever or vizor. See
Bevil, Bevel or Bevile.
Is a line cut off in its straightness and is
termed angled and beviled.
Bevy. A term used
to express a company or number of Roses, etc., same as a
cluster or bunch.
Bezant, Besant or Besaunte.
A round flat piece of gold, which was the current
coin of Byzantium. Supposed to have been first introduced
into coat armour at the time of the Crusades. It is sometimes
called a "Talent," the emblem of Justice, and equal dealing
Bezantee, Bezantie or Bezanty.
The field, or any charge is said to be bezantee
when indiscriminately strewed over with Bezants. Also expressed
by the term Semée of Bezants.
Bezantlier. The second
branch from the main-beam, next above the bow-antler of
a buck, etc.
Bible. See Book.
Bicapitated or Bicapited.
Having two heads.
Big-Wheat. See Wheat.
Bill-Forest. A wood
Bill-Stone. See Wedge.
Billet. An oblong
square with a flat surface. As to what they represent there
is a great diversity of opinion; some consider they represent
bricks, others billets-doux.
Billets. Also termed
Billete and Billety, represents the Shield, Charge, Crest,
or Supporter, as strewed all over with billets.
Billetty or Counter Billettee.
Is a field divided per-pale and per-fesse. The
same as Barry Paly.
Billing. Two birds
billing, or respecting.
Biparted. Cut off,
so as to leave one angular depression, shewing two projecting
pieces and different to erased which shows three jagged
Bird-Bolt. A short
thick arrow without a point, and spreading at the extremity
so much as to leave a flat surface; it has sometimes two
heads which must be named.
Birds. Of various
kinds are met with in armorial bearings. In blazon, birds
of prey whose weapons are their beak and talons, are blazoned
armed of such a tincture. But such birds as Swans, Ducks,
Herons, etc., who have no talons, in blazoning are said
to be beaked and membered, which last term signifies the
legs; and when the wings of a bird are of a different tincture
from the body, it is said to be winged of such a tincture.
Bird's Legs. See
Birt. Same as Turbot.
Bishops impale their
own Arms with the Arms of their See, the latter being placed
on the dexter.
Bison. A species
of the ox.
Bisse. A Snake.
Bistouri or Bistoury.
A surgical instrument.
Bitted. As a horse's
head bitted and bridled.
Bittern. A bird.
for Blue. i.e. azure.
found in Coat Armour.
Black. Sable. See
Tinctures. In engraving is represented by perpendicular
and horizontal lines crossing each other.
Blade. Applied to
the stalk of grain or corn when of a different tincture
from the ear, or fruit, when it is termed "Bladed."
Blades. Are frequently
borne without their handles, when their special kind must
be named. The Blade expresses the steel part of any cutting'
instrument when of a different tincture to the handle.
the title of one of the Pursuivants at arms.
applied to Trees, same as blighted.
Blazon or Blason.
A term generally applied to the knowledge and description
of armorial bearings according to the rules of Heraldry.
In blazoning a Coat of Arms, i.e. describing it, the Field
is always first mentioned noticing the lines wherewith it
is divided, and the differences of these lines, whether
they be straight or crooked. Then proceed to the charge
nearest the centre, and name those charges last which are
furthest from the field, i.e. the charges upon the Ordinaries.
The principal Ordinary in the coat (with the exception of
the Chief) must be named next to the field. If the Ordinary
itself is charged, such charge to be blazoned next to those
between which the Ordinary is placed. If there is no Ordinary
in the arms the central charge is to be first named after
the field, then the charge, if any, on the central charge,
then the Border; next the Chief or Canton with its charges.
When a bearing is described without naming the point of
the Escutcheon where it is to be placed, the centre is always
understood; the same is also observed in respect to the
charges upon Ordinaries, or one charge upon another. When
there are three charges with or without Ordinary they are
borne two in chief and one in base; but if they are not
so placed, or, exceed three, their position must be named.
In Blazoning a coat, repetition of the same word must be
avoided, as for example, it would be incorrect to describe
the following coat thus; Sa. on a fesse ar. betw. three
lions; heads erased ar. three mullets sa. It should be sa.
on a fesse betw. three lions' heads erased ar. "as many"
mullets "of the first," or "of the field." Of the first,
or of the field, is used to prevent repetition of sa. The
following rule is now observed by the Heralds, never to
place colour on colour, or metal upon metal; and although
a few instances of departure from this rule might be produced
in some very ancient coats, (Carson, Bissett, Lloyd, White,
etc.) yet these exceptions do not destroy the rule. In Blazoning
roundles, or guttée drops, you are not to say a roundle
or guttée of such tincture (unless it be party coloured
or connterchanged) for their names vary according to the
different tinctures of which they are composed; so that
a roundle which is of Gold, is not blazoned a roundle or.,but
a Bezant, and a guttée drop red, is not to be blazoned a
gutée gu., but guttée de sang. When roundles and guttée
are borne upon a party coloured field and are of the alternate
tinctures, they are blazoned roundles or guttée counterchanged,
eg. Quarterly ar. and sa. six roundles 3, 2, and 1, counter-changed.
A high bonnet, or cap, per pale sa. and ar., banded gu.,
the cap guttée counterchanged. In Blazoning animals, a distinction
must be particularly observed as to the kind of animal to
which the term is to bo applied, eg. The terms Rampant,
Saliant, Passant, Couchant, are properly applied to Lions,
Tigers, etc. But for Deer the same attitudes are expressed,
the first two by the term Springing, the other two by the
terms Tripping, and Lodged; and a Lion standing full-faced
is termed Guardant, but a Stag would be termed at Gaze.
Respecting the blazoning of Men, Animals, Birds, Fish, Trees,
etc. see each under its respective term. After Blazoning
the Shield, you proceed to the exterior ornaments viz.:
The Helmet, Lambrequin, Crest, Supporters, Badge, and Motto.
Blazoner. One skilled
Blazonry. The art
of properly describing Coat Armour. See Blazon.
Blemished or Rebated.
When a charge or bearing is broken, as a Spur-rowel
with its points broken.
Bliaus. See Surcoat.
Block. A Billet,
Delf, or Dice so named by Papworth.
Blodius. Same as
Bloody. Is used by
early Heralds to signify Gules.
Bloom, Blown or Blossom.
Flowers, Shrubs, and Plants when bearing blossoms
in their proper colours, are blazoned, Bloomed, Flowered,
Bludgeon. A club.
Blus. Same as Azure.
Blur-Bell. See Bellflowers.
Blus-Bottle. A Flower.
Blue Ensign. See
Blue-Mantle. A title
of one of the Pursuivants of Arms.
Blunted or Rounded.
A cross so termed.
Boar. Also termed
a Sanglier; always understood to mean a Wild Boar. When
said to be Bristled, expresses the hair on the neck and
back; Armed, the tusks; Unguled, the hoofs.
Boards. See Playing
Boats. Boats of various
descriptions are met with in Heraldry.
Bock. A kind of Deer.
Bodkin. A Tailors
Body-Heart. See Heart.
Bole or Head. The
seed pods of a plant as a Poppy-bole.
Bolt. An arrow.
Bolt. A door bolt.
Bolt-Hedys. An ancient
term for a bull's-head.
Boltant or Bolting.
A term applied to hares and rabbits, when springing
Bones. Of various
kinds are found in armoury; Shinbones are also termed Shankbone.
Bonfire. Called by
Guillim "Firebrands Flamant and Scintillant ppr."
Bonnet. The cap of
velvet within a Coronet.
Books. Are variously
borne in Coat Armour. e.g. A book expanded, or open, a book
closed, garnished and clasped.
A label on which the Armorial Bearings, name etc. are
Boot. A covering
for the foot and leg.
Border or Bordure.
A Subordinary which surrounds the field, is of equal
breadth, and takes up one fifth part of it, and is generally
assumed, or granted as a difference; charged border's may
allude to maternal descent, when borne Componée to illegitimacy.
If a coat containing a Border, is impaled with another coat,
it extends only to the line of impalement. If a Border is
charged with bezants, plates, billets, or pellets, it is
termed a Bordure Bezantée, Platée, Billetée, and Pellettée;
all other charges must be named with their tinctures. When
a border is plain it is thus blazoned; Sa. a bordure ar.
The Border is subject to all the different forms of lines
belonging to the Ordinaries.
Bordered or Bordured.
Edged with another tincture.
Bordure. Same as
Bordure or Berder.
The old way of spelling bordure.
Bore. See Boar.
Boschas. A wild duck.
Boteroll, Botteroll, Bauteroll
or Crampit. The steel mounting at the bottom
of the scabbard.
Botoned. That which
has at its extremities round knots or buds like the trefoil.
Bottle, Blue. See
a knot of silk.
Bouckys. The ancient
orthography for bucks.
Bouget. See Water-Bouget.
Boujon. An arrow
with a broad head.
Boult. See Bolt.
Bourdure. See Border.
Bouse. See Water-Bouget.
Bow. Bows are of
various descriptions, and in blazon must be named, as an
Archers, String-bow, or Long-bow; it must also be expressed
whether they are bent, or unbent. If charged with an arrow
and bent, they are blazoned as, a bow and arrow in full
draught, also termed a drawn bow. When the string is of
a different colour, the bow is said to be stringed, or strung.
Bowed or Embowed.
Bent like a bow, or otherwise curved or curled. See
Bowen's Knot. A Knot
of silk tied.
Bowget. See Water-Bouget.
Bowl. A deep dish;
thereon a Boar's head couped.
Boy. A naked boy
is borne by several families.
Braced. The same
Bracelet. An ornament
for the arms. The barrulet is by some writers termed a bracelet.
Bracket. See Rest.
crown of Thorns.
Branch. A branch
if fructed, should consist of four leaves; if unfructed,
Brand or Fire-Brand.
This is also called a Billet Raguled and Trunked Inflamed
on the top.
Brassarts or Brassets.
Armour for the elbow. See Garde-de-bras.
Brased or Brazed.
Brasier. A utensil
to hold live coals.
monumental plates anciently called latten, often found in
churches, and represent in their outline, or by engraving
upon them the figure, and armorial bearings of the deceased.
Brassets, Vambraces or Avantbraces.
Pieces of armour for the arms. See Vambraced.
Breathing. A term
applied to a stag at gaze.
Bret. See Brit.
Bretesse, Bretessed, Brettessed
or Brettessee.A term used when a charge has battlements
on each side, directly opposite each other.
Brettepee. The same
Breys. See Barnacles.
Brick or Brique.
Similar to the billet but showing its thickness in perspective.
Bridled. Having a
bridle on; as a horse's head bridled.
Bridge. Bridges in
coat armour are of various forms, with one, two, or three
arches, in blazon the number must be named, as a bridge
of three arches, &c.
Brigandine. See Habergeon.
Brill. A fish.
Brimsey. The same
Brinded or Breended.
Spotted. Applied only to animals.
Brindled. Same as
Brise or Brisee.
Bristled. A term
to express the hair on the neck and back of a boar, when
of a different tincture from the body.
Brisure, Brizure or Brisures.
Equivalent to the term Difference in marks of
Brit, Bret or Burt.
A fish of the herring kind.
to the Pheon, but having the insides of the barbs plain.
It was the regal badge of Richard I.
Broach or Broche.
An instrument used by embroiders.
Brochant sur le tout.
When one charge rests upon any other.
Brock. See Badger.
Brocket. A young
stag so blazoned in the arms of Hanney.
Brogue or Irish-Brogue.
A kind of shoe.
Bronchant. A term
used by some authors to denote the situation of any beast,
when placed on a field strewed with fleur-de-lis; by others
it is considered equivalent to "over-all."
Brow-Antler or Browantlier.
The first branch of the horn of a buck.
Browsing. The mode
of eating of a Graminivorous animal.
Bruised. The same
Brumsey. A Gad-Fly.
Brusk. The same as
Bubble or Water-Bubbles.
Borne by the name of Aire, and Bubbleward.
Buck. See Stag.
Bucket. Is variously
Buckle. Also termed
Fermaile, or Femaille. The emblem of Fidelity and Firmness.
In Armoury these are of various shapes; In blazoning them
this must be named. e.g. A lozengy-buckle tongue-fessways;
an oval-buckle and round-buckle tongue pendent; a mail,
or square buckle; a buckle of an heart shape tongue pendent,
a round-buckle tongue erect, and a belt-buckle.
Buckled. When a belt,
band, or collar, etc. is depicted as fastened with a buckle,
it is said to be buckled, as a garter-buckled.
Buckler, Target, Targe or Shield.
A piece of defensive armour, is depicted in various
Bud. Flowers in the
bud, or budding, occur in arms.
Budget. See Water-Bouget.
Buffalo. A wild ox.
In old blazon, Bulls heads are frequently termed Buffaloes
Bugle-Horn or Hunting-Horn.
Also termed Hanchet. The garnishing consists
of verolls round the horn, and is sometimes termed verolled,
when there is no string it is sometimes blazoned a Buglehorn
Bull. Of very frequent
use in Armoury.
Bull-Finch. A singing-bird.
Bull, Winged. Also
termed a Flying Bull.
Bullet. The same
as Pellet, and Ogress. Termed by ancient heralds, Gunstones;
they are sometimes blazoned Copper-cakes as in the arms
of Chambers, I think when so blazoned ought to be painted
Bullrush. An aquatic
Bunch or Cluster.
Fruits, flowers, etc. are frequently borne in bunches,
Buoy. A floating
body employed to point out the particular situation of anything
Bur or Burr. A broad
ring of iron behind the place made for the hand on the tilting
Burdon. A Pilgrim's
Burelle. A term to
Burgandine. See Habergeon.
Burganet or Burgonet.
A steel cap or helmet.
instrument used by Weavers.
called Moses' bush and a Flaming-bush.
Burr. A rough prickly
covering of the seed of certain plants. A Burr proper as
borne by the name of Jason.
Burst. Split or open.
Also termed disjointed, fracted, or severed.
Brush also Brush of a Fox.
Buskins or Gamashes.
A kind of hose, or stocking, either laced, buttoned,
or buckled; they reach from half way up the leg, to the
instep. See also Greave.
Bust. The head to
Bustard. A bird.
Butt. A fish.
Butt. See Barrel.
Butterfly. As in
the arms of Beeston, Butterneld, Door, Foster, Papillion,
Butteris. An instrument
used by Farriers.
buckles in armoury are said to be buttoned, garnished, or
Buzzard. In heraldry,
the same as a Kite.