Heraldry Dictionary Section S
S. and Sa.
Are both used to denote sable.
in engraving is represented by perpendicular and
horizontal lines crossing each other.
seat for a horseman fitted to a horse's back.
Sagittarius or Sagittary.
An Archer. See Centaur.
Cross is a white saltire.
Cross. The Cross Tau.
Cross is a red cross.
Ensign. See Ensign.
of Jerusalem, The Order of. The Arms, distinguished
by a red chief charged with a white cross. See Hospitallers.
Cross is a red saltire.
Cross of. See Saxon Wheel-Cross.
hawk. See Sacre.
An imaginary animal.
Salient or Saillant.
The position of all beasts of prey, when
leaping or springing.
Salled Headpiece or
Salade. An ancient name for the helmet.
A name sometimes given to the harpoon.
A term applied to the Ape, Cat, Greyhound, Monkey,
Rat, Squirrel, Weasel, and all Vermin; when in a
position of springing forward.
Saltire, Saltier or
Saltes. One of the honourable ordinaries.
The Saltire is subject to all the accidental forms
of lines, as .Embattled, Nebule, Wavy, etc. When
figures are borne on the saltire, it is said to
be charged, or the charges are said to be, on a
saltire. When the saltire is between four figures
it is said to be cantoned.
Applied to the field of a coat of arms, or any
charge when divided by two diagonal lines crossing
or In Saltier. Any figures placed in
the form and position of a Saltire.
Parted per saltier.
termed Salt-cellars and Sprinkling salts.
kind of shoe, sometimes called Brogue.
Sandglass or Hourglass.
A glass for measuring the hours, by the
running of sand from one part of the vessel into
Sang, Gutte de.
Drops of blood.
A wild boar.
A term to denote murrey colour; and is expressed,
in engraving, by diagonal lines crossing each other.
Bloody. The same as embrued.
Applied to animals, or birds, deprived of some member.
The same as semée, only that no part of the
figures are cut off. See Semée.
Used to express blue in blazon.
In blazon represents murrey colour.
Sash. A band
blazon implies sable.
Satyr or Satyral.
A beast having the body of a Lion, the
face of an old man, with the horns of an an antelope.
This ia also termed the head of Midas.
Are supposed to be cords formed of silk which
hang from the saddle to be grasped by the hand of
the rider when mounting.
Green-man, Woodman, and Saracen, are all depicted
the same, and generally with a wreath of leaves
round the temples and waist. See Man.
Sawlterey or Sawtry.
An old term for per-saltier.
Saxon Wheel Cross.
A Plain Cross within a circle the outer
edge of which is indented.
Or Mail armour.
Scaled or Escalloped.
Covered over, as if with the scales of
a fish; it is also termed Papellonne, as a bend
Scales-Scaled or Escallops-escalloped,
differs from the last, each scale being as it were
jagged or fringed after the manner of diapering,
with a deeper colour than that of the field.
The same as Escallop-Shell.
Scalloped or Escalloped.
The same as Escallopée.
of a man's head with the hair. Also the skin of
the forehead of an animal. If the animal have horns
they are attached to the scalp.
A Beetle, borne by the name of Thorndike.
small ecclesiastical banner hanging down from the
top of a Pastoral Staff.
Scarpe or Escarpe.
A diminutive of the bend sinister being
one half its breath.
Scatebra or Water-pot.
The Urn or Vase on which Water Gods are depicted
Sceptre. A royal-staff.
The golden sceptre. The Sceptre is of
greater antiquity than the Crown.
Same as Escallop.
A sword with a convex edge.
Sparkling, applied to anything having sparks
of fire about it.
kind of ladle. Borne by the name of Scopham. In
the blazon of the arms Scopholme it is termed a
The largest and most malignant of all the insect
tribes. It somewhat resembles the lobster; is generally
borne erect. When borne with the head downwards
is described as reversed.
A whip, in blazon the number of lashes must be named.
Scrip, Wallet or Pilgrim's
pouch. A bag formerly carried by pilgrims.
term used by Scotch Heralds for a small branch of
part of the achievement on which the motto is placed.
A winnowing basket.
The same as Escutcheon.
instrument of husbandry. The handle of the scythe
is still called, in some counties, a Sned, and is
so blazoned in the arms of Sneyd as allusive to
Same as Hake-fish.
Sea-Dog, Sea-Bull, Sea-Bear,
Sea-Cat, Sea-Dragon, Sea-Horse, Sea-Lion, etc.
A carnivorous and amphibious beast of
the mythological kind.
Seal. A device,
or an engraved inscription; also an impression made
on wax. Personal Seals may be regarded among the
most trustworthy evidences of armorial bearings.
Indeed, when a seal attached to a charter bears
the same name as that of the person granting the
charter, its authority for a shield of arms is almost
Seax. A scimitar
with a semicircular notch, hollowed out of the back
of the blade.
See Courtesy Title.
same as Sejant.
to the seeds of roses, lilies, etc., when borne
of a different tincture to the flower.
Segment. A portion
cut off by a line from a circle.
term applied to the Griffin when standing erect
upon its rear hind leg, with the wings elevated
and endorsed. It is the position of a lion rampant.
to birds of prey when feeding on their prey.
Setting back to back.
Selch or Sealch.
Seal, an amphibious animal.
Semée, Semme, or Seme.
Aspersed or Powdered. The terms Averlye,
Gerattie, and Strewed, are also used for the same
thing, which implies that the Field, Charge, Crest,
or Supporter, is strewed over with figures, such
as roses, stars, etc. When strewed with fleur-de-lis
it is then termed Semée-de-lis.
Semy. Same as
The sinister arm.
old term for Piles.
figure of seven foils. See Foils.
A winged lion, passant guardant, holding
seven arrows in his paw, and over his head a nimbus.
See Monuments, and Brasses Sepulchral.
same as Endorsed, as Wings Endorsed, or Sepurture.
Depicted as the head of a child with three
pairs of wings.
same as Seraph's Head.
Sergent or Sergreant.
The same as Segreant.
Serpent. A snake.
In Blazon, the position of the Serpent must be particularly
Seruse. A torteau.
Sex-Foil or Sise-Foil.
A plant with six leaves. See Narcissus.
Oval link of a fetter.
Spears, etc., are said to be shafted when the shaft
is of a different tincture from the head. See Pheon.
Shag. A cormorant.
Is in form like the cross pall, but does not touch
the edges of the shield.
A kind of ship.
same as Trefoil, three leaved grass.
Shark. A voracious
Sheaf. See Garb.
Sheaves. A term
applied to a bundle of arrows. See Arrow.
Shears. A tool
used by clothiers.
Sheep. A quadruped.
kind of duck.
Escallop Shell and Welk-Shell.
title is a corruption from Shire Reeve, from the
Saxon, meaning the Reeve or Governor of the Shire,
he is the chief civil officer in each county, and
has the title of Esquire for life.
Shield, Buckler, Target
or Escutcheon. A weapon of defence, borne
on the arm to turn off the blows of an enemy's weapon.
As to the form or shape of shields there can be
no rule; any form may be taken. See Escutcheon.
Two in saltire, borne by the name of Newton, Baynes,
Gale, Gatty, etc.
Ships. Of various
kinds are met with in Heraldry, and also the different
parts of ships, as the rudder, mast, sail, helm,
stern, etc. An Heraldic ship is always drawn with
three masts, and is termed a Lymphad; also blazoned
a vessel, and a galley with oars, and sometimes
a row-galley. Modern ships are of common occurrence,
and, in blazoning, should be mentioned whether they
have two or three masts, and whether under all sail,
or full sail, and whether the sails are reefed or
furled. In both the former and latter cases it must
be mentioned whether pennons, streamers, or colours,
Ship Gun Carriage.
On it a piece of Ordnance mounted.
Shot. See Chain
Shovel. A kind
of spade with broad blade slightly hollowed.
species of water-fowl.
Shruttle, Fan or Winnowing
Basket. Used for winnowing corn.
instrument used by weavers, and borne in the arms
of their Company. It is blazoned a shuttle tipped
and quilled, and is very generally given as a bearing
to those who have risen to affluence by it. As the
family of Peel.
Sickle. An instrument
of husbandry used for reaping corn.
Side. A dexter-side.
It may be dexter or sinister and not more than one
sixth of the shield, cut off by a perpendicular
Side-Face or Side Long
Face. A face in profile.
as Impaled. When a coat has two impalements, the
second is frequently termed a Siding.
A swan so called when gorged with a Coronet
in painting represented by white.
left. i.e. the right to the spectator. See Shield
Sinister Base Point.
See Points of Escutcheon.
Turned to the sinister.
Sir. The title
of a Baronet and Knight. This title in former times,
was given to all who had taken a degree, or had
entered into orders.
Siren. A Mermaid.
Sistrum. A musical
instrument used in the rites of Isis.
Sixfoil. A Narcissus.
Skein, Skean or Skeen.
A short sword, or dagger.
Skeleton, or Deadman's
Head. The emblem of mortality. A crowned
skeleton, is the emblem of Christian death.
Skiff. A Galley.
mounting, or leaping.
of garments were formerly cut open lengthways, and
these openings were filled with a puffing of another
Slay, Slea or Reed.
An instrument used by weavers, and borne
as part of the arms of the Weavers' Company of the
City of Exeter.
Sledge. A vehicle
moved on runners used in husbandry.
A large heavy hammer.
Slip. A twig
should be depicted with only three leaves.
Slipped or Slipt.
Applied to flowers, fruit, etc., when depicted
with a stalk.
Slogan or Slughorn.
The Scottish Cri-de-guerre.
Given to victors at the Nemean Games.
Smelt. A small
so the edge is seen in perspective.
Snail or House-Snail,
also termed a Snail in his Shell.
Snake. See Serpent.
Snakey-Staff. See Caduceus.
Sned. The handle of a Scythe.
Snipe. A bird.
Snippers. See Glaziers'-Nippers.
Soarant or Soaring. Flying aloft.
Societies, Arms of. See Arms of Community.
Sock or Ploughshare.
Sol. The sun, by which or, or gold is
expressed in blazoning arms by the Planets.
Soldering-Iron. A tool used by plumbers,
and borne in the arms of their company.
Sole. A flat fish.
Soleil. A Rose en Soleil is a rose surrounded
Somerset Herald. See Heralds College.
Somme. Horned, applied to the stag when
the branches are not less than thirteen, but if
more it is blazoned Sommé Sans Nombre. The term
Sommé, is also used by some in the sense of surmounted.
Sore. A term
for the young of the buck in its fourth year.
Sorel. A young
buck in its third year.
Soustenu, Soutennée or
Soutenu. When a chief is represented
supported by a small part of the escutcheon beneath
it, of a different colour, or metal from the chief,
and reaching as the chief doth, from side to side,
being as it were a fillet on the bottom part of
the chief, of another colour.
Spaniel. A dog
with long shaggy coat.
Sparling or Smelt.
A small fish.
Sparrow. A bird.
Spayade. A young
stag, in his third year.
Spear. An instrument
used in warfare.
Spear. See Tilting-Spear.
with another tincture.
gaze, or looking forward, sometimes termed in full
small branches shooting out from the flat part of
the buck's horn, at the top.
Sperver or Spurver.
A kind of tent, as borne in the arms of the
Upholders' Company. It is also termed a Pavilion,
Celestial, and Terrestrial Sphere.
Spink. A small
Sphinx. A fabulous
monster, with the head and breasts of a woman, body
of a lion, and the wings of an eagle.
with. Same as Powdered.
with points, as a club spiked.
of a Church.
same as displayed.
term for the Sun, when represented with a human
face, environed with rays.
Also termed Grazier. See Grater.
same as speckled.
Sprat. A small
Eagle with two heads displayed.
Sprig. A twig.
to beasts of chase, in the position in which wild
beasts are called salient. It is also applied to
fish when placed in bend. See Stag.
Spur. An ancient
or Scotch spur. Also called a Prick-Spur.
borne with the straps. Termed a spur leathered.
Having the points cut off.
with spurs, as a boot spurred.
Squat. A term
used for a rabbit sejant.
See also Equire.
animal always borne sejant, and often cracking a
Staff. The staff
of a Patriarch is a double cross and that of the
Pope a triple one.
The Badge of Stafford.
Stag and Stag's Head are
common bearings in coat armour. The Stag
is blazoned at Gaze, Tripping, Springing, Courant,
(or in full course) Browsing and Lodged. And when
the head is cut off, showing no part of the neck,
and placed full faced, it is termed Cabossed. But
when the neck is shown with the head, and full faced,
it is termed a stag's head and neck affrontee, couped
or erased at the neck. If shown in profile, it is
blazoned a stag's head couped, or erased, the profile
being understood. When the horns (antlers) and hoofs
are of a different tincture, it is said to be Attired
and Unguled. If the antlers have more than five
projections on each, it is blazoned attired with
so many (mentioning the number) tynes.
Stag in the fourth year.
Stained or Stamand.
According to Guillim such colours as having
no body do only stain, as Murrey and Tawny.
applied to long legged birds.
A square or oblong plate of gilt copper,
upon which the Arms of Knights of the Garter and
the Bath are emblazoned, and fixed in their stalls
in the Chapels of St. George at Windsor, and of
Henry VII, at Westminster. The arms of the Esquires
of the Knights are similarly displayed and recorded
in the lower range of Stalls.
ancient military ensign, long and tapering towards
the end, which is split and rounded; on the upper
part appears the Cross of St. George, the remainder
being charged with Motto, Crest, or Badge, but never
with arms. The term Standard is now applied to the
ensign carried by the Cavalry, those of the Infantry
being called Colours.
See Royal Standard.
Staple. An iron
Star. An Ensign
of Knightly Rank, common to the Heraldry of all
nations. See Knighthood.
Star. See Estoile.
Star of India.
See Knighthood, Orders of.
borne in the arms of La-Yard.
Star-Pagodas, as borne in the arms of
Blades. The Star-Pagoda is an Indian coin.
Starling. A bird; sometimes termed a
Sterne or Stare.
Starved or Blighted. A tree, or branch,
Statant. A term applied to animals standing
with all their feet on the ground, except to those
of the Deer kind.
State, cap of. As borne by the Lord Mayor
of London, termed the Civic Cap.
Statera Romana. a steelyard.
Staves of an Escarbuncle. Are the eight
rays which issue from the centre. See Escarbuncle.
Staves of a Wheel.
The spokes, which unite the nave to the felloes.
Steel for Striking Fire.
Also termed a Furison.
kind of balance.
Steeple of a Church.
When borne in arms, is drawn with a part
of the tower or belfry. Blazoned a "Church Spire,"
nameof Bakeham, Backcombe, etc.
A Serpent with the head of a weasel, borne
by the name of Bume.
Stern. The hinder
part of a ship is frequently met with in Coat Armour.
It is borne by Nelson, Carneige, Campbell, etc.
Sterne or Stare.
Still. A utensil
of the distillery as borne in the arms of Wennington.
Stilt. An instrument
made to walk with.
Stirrup and Leather.
When borne without the leather it should
be blazoned stirrup iron.
Stock. Or stump
of a tree.
An instrument for carding wool.
Stocke. A Falcon's-rest.
of the vestment of a priest.
Stone-Bill or Wedge.
Used to split timber.
A cross bow for shooting stones.
Stork. A large
bird allied to the Heron.
flag; the length may be from 20 to 40 yards, on
which may be put a man's conceit, or device.
term used to express the stream of light darting
from a comet, or blazing star.
The same as Semée.
Stringed or Strung.
Terms used to express the strings of harps,
bows and bugle-horns, and when these are depicted
without strings they must be blazoned "Sans strings."
large kind of fish.
to an ordinary when the bottom edge is different
from the top, as a Fesse Nebuly, Sub Invecked. A
Fesse Sub-Crenellée is a Fesse with plain line at
top, and the bottom embattled.
The following are commonly so called, viz.:
The Bordure, Canton, Flanch, Fret, Gyron, Inescutcheon,
Orle, Pile, Tressure, and Voider.
Subvertant or Subverted.
Reversed turned upside down.
Following one another.
Succession, Arms of.
See Arms of Succession.
Sufflue. A rest,
or clarion. See Clarion.
The plant from which sugar is obtained.
A conical mass of sugar, borne by the name of Sugar.
borne with a human face and rays.
A term used to express one figure borne upon
another; more properly blazoned Surmounted.
Super. The top.
e.g. A fesse super nebuly, i.e. nebuly only on the
top, as in the arms of Blancharden, which is also
Sub invecked, i.e. the bottom only is invecked.
of an Ordinary that has another under it, by way
Are figures represented on each side of the shield,
and appear to support or hold it up. Supporters
are used by the Sovereign, Princes, Peers, and Peeresses,
Knights of the several Orders, and Nova Scotia Baronets.
The English Baronets are not allowed this privilege,
except a very few, who for distinguished services
have received a licence to use them. The Sons of
Peers, although using supporters, have no legal
right to them, and I would remark that a somewhat
foolish custom has lately sprung up. If a Peer intermarries
with a lady belonging to a family whose arms have
supporters, he places one of the supporters of his
own coat on the dexter, and one of the supporters
of the coat belonging to her family on the sinister
side of his shield ; yet it is certain by all the
rules of Heraldry that a woman can in no case convey
supporters to her husband, and that even to convey
them to her children she must at least be a Peeress
in her own right.
Sustaining, or holding up.
The same as Debruised.
Sur. On, upon
Surcoat. A loose
frock without sleeves, worn by Military men over
their Armour, on it, their Arms were sometimes painted
or embroided. "The Surcoat, originated with the
crusaders for the purpose of distinguishing the
many different nations serving under the banner
of the cross, and to throw a veil over the iron
armour, so apt to heat excessively when exposed
to the direct rays of the Sun." - Meyrick.
Charged or Surmounted.
Surgiant or Surgeant.
Surgiant or Surgeant-Tergiant.
The wings expanded on each side of the
head, the points not elevated, the dexter wing showing
behind, and the sinister before the bird.
En-Surtout, Surmounted, or over-all. See
Surmounted or Surmonte.
Terms to express any charge having another
placed over it. It is also expressed by the term
as In Pale.
Surroy or Southroy.
The ancient title of the King of Arms for
the south parts of England, now called Clarenceux.
The broad top of a stag's horn, with the
branches or small shoots from it.
same as erected and elevated, but without being
waved or turned. See Reclinant.
Surtout or Sur-le-tout.
A term for Over-all. Generally applied
to a small escutcheon, containing a Coat of Augmentation.
Suspectant or Spectant.
Supporting, or holding.
termed Hirondelle or Hirundo. When represented flying,
is termed volant.
borne with the wings endorsed, unless it is expressed
Sweep, Swepe or Balista.
Also termed Mangonel; an engine used
by the ancients for throwing stones.
iron links which turn on a bolt.
Sword. In blazoning
a sword in coat armour, its position must always
be mentioned; whether the point is upwards or downwards,
towards the dexter or sinister, etc. When the handle
and pommel (i.e. the knob affixed to the handle)
are of a different tincture, it it is termed hilted
and pommelled. The hilt includes the entire handle
and guard, but if the hand part is of a different
tincture it is blazoned as the grip. e.g. a sword
erect ar. grip vert. hilt and pommel or. the crest
of Pollard. The Crest of Koundell is a sword in
pale ar. hilt and pommel or, grip gu. If the blade
is wavy it is termed a sword wavy. If with fire
round the blade, it is said to be inflamed, or flammant,
sometimes it is called a flaming sword. If blood
is depicted upon the blade, it is said to be imbrued.
See Broadsword, Curtana-sword, Cutlass, Rapier,
Scimitar, Seax, Tuck, etc. The sword is frequently
used as the Emblem of Power. Two Swords in Saltire,
the Emblem of St. Paul.
See Heraldic Fountain.
Symbol. An emblem,
type, or figure, the sign or representation of any
moral thing by the images or properties of natural
tilings as "the lion is the symbol of courage";
"a trident is the symbol of Neptune."
old term for Swans.
Syren. a Mermaid.