Heraldry Dictionary Section W
Wagon. A four-wheeled
Wales, Arms of.
Quarterly or. and gu. four Lions passant guardant counter
Wales, Badge of.
A Dragon passant.
Walled or Murallee.
Covered with a representation of Masonry.
Wallet. See Scrip.
See Motto and Cri-de-Guerre.
War Medals. See
War-Wolf. Also termed
a Were-Wolf, Wher-Wolf or Wolf-Man. As borne by the
name of Dickeson, or Dickison. Supposed to be a man
living a wolf's nature. A genus I imagine far from being
Warden. A pear;
sometimes so called in armory, borne by the name of
Warden, in allusion to the name.
cakes of bread. According to Guillim, the same as Torteaux.
Water. There are
two ways of representing this in Heraldry; anciently,
it was symbolized by the field, or a portion of it being
barry wavy, argent, and azure. It is now however frequently
Water-Bouget or Water-Budget.
A vessel anciently used by soldiers for the
conveyance of water to the camp. The Water-Budget is
depicted in different ways. See Water Bags.
Water-Bags or Pair of Dossers.
Also termed Water-bags, hooped together,
and borne by the name of Banister.
Water-Pot. A fontal,
called a Scatebra, out of which naiads and river-gods
are represented as pouring the waters of rivers, over
which they are fabled to preside.
Watery. The same
as Wavy or Undée.
Wattled. When the
gills of a Cock, or Cockatrice, are of a different tincture
from the head it is said to be Wattled.
Waved. Same as Wavy.
Wear, Weare or Weir.
A dam or fence against water, made with stakes
and twigs of osier, wattled, or interwoven. By some
Heralds, termed a Haie.
Weasel. A small
Weather-Cock or Vane,
as borne in the arms of Fitz-Alwyn, the first
Mayor of London.
Wedge or Stone-Bill.
A tool used to split timber.
Weel. Or Fish-Weel,
for catching fish.
Weir. See Wear.
Welk, Weike, Whelk or Wilke.
A shellfish, borne by the name of Shefley.
Welt. Or edge. A
Welted. Or edged.
Having a narrow bordure. Observe the difference between
Edged and Fimbriated.
Were. An old term
for Vair, or Varry.
Wervels or Varvells.
An instrument formerly used by women to spin
with, whilst walking, by sticking the distaff in their
girdles, and whirling round the spindle pendent to the
thread. Borne by the name of Clinton.
Wheat. Of frequent
use in Armory. When in a sheaf it is termed a Garb.
Wheat Big. An old
provincial term for Barley borne by the name of Bigland.
Wheat Guinea, An Ear of.
A kind of bearded wheat similar to the last,
borne by the name of Graindorge.
Wheat-Sheaf. A Garbe,
or Garb. See Garb.
Wheel. Or Cart Wheel.
Demi, or half wheels, are wheels divided pale-ways;
three such are borne by the name of Wheeler.
Wheel Shuttle. See
Whet-Herys. An old
term for Wheat ears.
Whintain. See Quintain.
Whips Stringed and Knotted.
As in the Arms of Crow-land Abbey. Also termed
Whirlpool. Or Gurges.
Represents "water, argent and azure, and invariably
covers the whole field, borne by the name of Gorges.
The family of Chellery bear ar, a whirlpool gu. The
Whirlpool is sometimes represented by a number of rings
one within another.
White. A word used
instead of Argent, for the lining of Mantles, which
is of a pure white fur, which some call the livits skin.
White is used in painting for argent, or silver.
White Ensign or St.
George's Ensign. See Ensign.
Whiting. A fish.
Whittal's or Wittal's Head.
A man's head with short horns.
Wild-Boar. See Boar.
Wild-Cat. See Cat
Wild-Man. See Savage.
Wallow. Or Salix.
A Willow tree.
Wimble. See Wine-Piercer.
See Heralds College.
Wine-Broach. An instrument to tap wine casks.
Wing. A single wing
is termed in Armory a Demi vol; and two wings when endorsed
are termed a Vol. Wings are always undertood to be those
of the eagle unless named otherwise.
same as demi vol.
Winged. Having wings,
or adorned with wings.
Wisalls or Wisomes.
The leaves or tops of carrots, parsnips, or other
edible roots; are so blazoned by Randle Holme.
Also termed a Starved branch.
Withered Tree. Blighted
Within. When an
ordinary, or charge is entirely surrounded by anything,
it is said to be within.
Wittal's Head. A
man's head with short horns, couped below the shoulders.
Wiure, Wyer, Viure and Viurie.
A narrow fillet, generally nebuly, it may
be placed in bend, in fesse, or otherwise.
Wivre or Vivre.
A Diminutive of the dancette. See Vivre.
Wivern, Wiveron or Wyvern.
An imaginary animal, the upper part resembling
what is called a Dragon; with two legs; and the lower,
Wolf, Marine. The
Wolf-Were, or Wolf-Man.
Woman. Woman's head,
and demi-woman; also blazoned by the term Lady. A woman's
head and neck when couped below the breast, the head
wreathed with a garland of roses, and crowned with an
antique crown is always blazoned a maiden's head. When
the hair is depicted as loosely flowing, it is termed
dishevelled; as the Crest of Ellis, viz., a woman naked,
her hair dishevelled ppr. See also term Lady.
Woman's Breast, Distilling
Drops of Milk. Borne by the name of Dodge
Wood or Hurst. A
small group of trees.
Woodcock. A bird
Woodman. The same
as Wild-Man or Savage.
Woodpecker. A bird.
Woodwift. The same
as Wild-Man or Savage.
Wool-Card. An instrument
for carding wool.
Words. Are used
as charges in many Coats of Arms. e.g. Netherlands in
the Arms of Jones, Bart. Trafalgar in the Arms of Collingwood.
Orthes, in those of Harvey, etc.
Wound. A term used
by Bossewell, to express the roundle when tinctured
Wounded. See Vulned.
Woydyd. Same as
Woydyrs. Old term
for four quarters.
Wrapped, Wrapt, Enwrapped or
Enveloped. The same as Entwined.
Wreath, Torse or Torce.
Is a garland, chaplet, or attire for the head.
The wreath, upon which the Crest is placed, is of silk,
composed of two different tinctures twisted together,
and showing six folds, three of each tincture, and the
tinctures of the wreath are with few exceptions, those
first mentioned in blazoning the coat of arms. The Wreath
is placed between the helmet and the crest which are
fastened together by it. In some instances crowns or
coronets supply the place of the wreath, but Crests
are always understood to be placed upon a wreath, when
not ordered to be borne upon a Crown, Coronet, Cap,
or Chapeau. When a wreath composed of silk, is placed
round the temples of a man, it should have two bows
with strings at the sinister end.
with a wreath; as a head wreathed. Savages are frequently
wreathed about the temples and loins with oak leaves,
ivy, etc., but laurel leaves are always understood if
not mentioned to the contrary. Ordinaries are sometimes
wreathed, as a Fesse wreathed or tortile gules and azure.
Wren. A small insessorial
Wyn. A vane or little
Wyvern. See Wivern.
Wyvre. A Viper.