Heraldry Dictionary Section T
Tabard or Tabert.
A coat without sleeves, whereon the armorial
ensigns were anciently depicted, from whence the term
Coat of Arms. The Tabard with wide sleeves reaching
to the elbow is now used as a habit of ceremony, being
embroidered with the Royal Arms, worn by Heralds and
Pursuivants upon great festivals and other public ceremonies.
Tadpoles or Powts.
Tail. The tail of
the lion, and the tail of a Beaver, are sometimes borne
in Coat Armour. The following are the different names
for the tails of several animals: that of the Deer =
single; the Bear = wreath; the Fox = brush; the Wolf
= stern; the Hare and Consy = scut.
Tail Forked. Or
Taille. The same
as party par band sinister.
Talbot. A hound
witn long ears, and of very common use in Coat Armour.
Talent. A bezant.
Talon. Or Claw.
Tanke. A kind of
deep round cap, called a cap tanke; it is sometimes
represented with strings, to tie under the chin.
Tare or Tarre. Affrontée,
Targant. See Torqued.
Target or Targe.
A circular shield.
Tasces, Tasses or Tassetts.
That part of the armour which covers the
Tassel. An ornament
of silk or gold fringe, used as an addition to the strings
of mantles, etc. Roman Catholic ecclesiastics of high
rank are distinguished by tassels pendant from a cord
of silk issuing from either side of that which is placed
over their shield. These tassels arc arranged in rows,
and the number of tassels in each row exceeds by one
the number in that above it, so that the whole form
an equilateral triangle. A Cardinal has five rows of
scarlet tassels pendant from a scarlet hat. Archbishops
have a green hat, and four rows of green tassels. Bishops
and Prothonotaries of the Pontifical Court, three and
two rows respectively of green tassels.
same as Potent counter potent.
Tawny. Or Tawney.
Teal. A water fowl.
Teazel. The head
or seed-vessel of a species of Thistle.
Templars. See Knights
Tenas. Or, more
properly, Tenans. A term applied to inanimate objects
on the side of the shield, but not touching it.
A term to express that the shield is held by one man
or beast. Supporters, when there are two.
Tench. A fish.
Tenne. The same
as Tawny. It is by some heralds called Brusk; and in
engraving, it is expressed by diagonal lines drawn from
sinister chief points, and traversed by horizontal ones.
Tergant. Or Tergiant.
The same as Recursant.
Terras. Or Terrasse.
The representation of a piece of ground at the base
of the shield, and generally vert.
Terwhitt. A Lapwing.
Teste a la Queve, Quise or
Queue. Three fishes, etc., lying one upon
the other, so that the head of each is between the other
two, may be blazoned two fishes, in saltire, debruised
by another in pale, the tail erect. It is also called
a Trien of fishes, lying cross, the heads and tails
interchangeably posed; it is also termed Testes aux
queues, i.e. heads to tails.
Tete. The head.
Piles are generally considered to represent wedges;
but they are sometimes borne triangular, and also square,
in which latter case they may be termed square piles,
or tetragonell pyramids reversed.
borne in several Coats of Arms. See Letters.
instrument used in thatching.
Same as Thatch-Rake.
Themis. The Goddess
Thistle. The Badge
Thistle, Order of.
Thoison. Or Toison
d'or. The Golden fleece. See Fleece.
Thong. A strap of
leather for fastening anything; also the lash of a scourge.
Three, Two and One.
Terms to denote the position of six charges,
viz.: Three in chief, two in fesse, and one in base.
Three. Three charges
of any kind on a field are always placed two and one,
unless otherwise described.
Or In train Aspect. Showing three fourths of
Threstle or Trestle.
A hawk's perch.
to the sides of the escutcheon.
Thrush. A song bird.
emblem of Jupiter. It is sometimes blazoned Jupiter's
Thyrsus. A rod surmounted
with a fir-cone, or a bunch of vine leaves or ivy, with
grapes or berries, carried by Bacchus, and the Satyrs,
Mænads, and others, during the celebration of religious
rites. Beneath the garland or fir-cone the Thyrsus ends
in the sharp paint of a spear, a puncture from which
Tiara. Or Triple
Crown. The Papal Crown.
Tierce, Tiercée or Tierced.
Divided into three equal parts.
Is depicted with a hooked talon at the nose, and with
Tiges and Feuilles.
Terms applied to fruits when represented with
stalks and leaves.
Tilt. See Tournament.
Tilting Spear. Always
depicted, if not named to the contrary, with bur and
vamplate. The Bur is a broad ring of iron behind the
place made for the hand on the tilting spear; which
bur is brought to the rest, when the Tilter charges
his spear; serving there to secure and make it easy
to direct. The Vamplate is the broad piece of steel
that is placed at the lower part of the staff of the
spear for covering the hand, and may be taken off at
pleasure. It sometimes resembles a funnel in shape.
Tilting Spear Broken.
Or Broken Tlting Spear; in blazon, implies the
bottom part only.
Timbered. See Anchor.
Timbre. Or Tymbre.
According to J. G. Nichols in the Herald, and Genealogist
is a "Crest," but C. Boutell, in his Heraldry, Historical
and Popular, gives Timbre as the Helm when placed above
the shield in an achievement of arms. Heaume and Timbre
are also used to express those things that are without
the Escouchen to distinguish the Degree of Honour and
Dignity, such as Crowns, Coronets, etc. It is taken
in particular for the Helmet.
this term are included the colours used in Coat Armour,
which are divided into three classes. 1st: Metals; Or,
the metal gold; and Arjent, Silver, the former is represented
in engraving by dots, the later is left quite plain.
2nd: Colours; Gules, expressed in engraving by perpendicular
lines. Azure, by horizontal lines from side to side.
Sable, by horizontal and perpendicular lines crossing
each other. Vert, by diagonal lines from dexter to the
sinister. Purpure, by diagonal lines from sinister to
dexter. Tenne, by diagonal lines from sinister to dexter,
crossed by horizontal lines. Sanguine, by diagonal lines
from dexter to sinister, and from sinister to dexter,
crossing each other. 3rd: Furs; Which are generally
reckoned to be six in number, but some writers have
made them amount to eleven. Ermine: A white field, with
black tufts. Ermines: A Black field, with white tufts.
Erminois: A gold field, with black tints. Pean: A Black
field, with gold tufts. Vair: White and Blue, represented
by figures of small escutcheons, ranged in lines, so
that the base argent is opposite to the top azure. Counter-fair:
The same as the above, only the figures of escutcheons
are placed base against base, and point against point.
Vaire en point: Figures standing exactly one upon another
point upon flat. Vaire or Warrie: When the escutcheons
forming the Vair are of more than two tinctures. Vaire
ancient: Represented by lines nebuly separated by straight
lines. Potent: Resembles the head of crutches. Potent,
Counter-potent: Also termed Cuppa, or Varry Cuppa. You
must observe that it is not usual to place metal on
metal, nor colour on colour. There are some exceptions
to this rule, but it is considered bad heraldry. Some
authors blazon the Arms of Sovereigns by Planets, of
Peers by Precious stones, etc. When any beast, bird,
or charge is represented in its natural colour, it is
blazoned proper, abbreviated ppr.
Tines or Tynes.
Antlers upon the horns of a stag. In blazoning, their
number, and tincture must be named.
Tipped. When the
ends of a truncheon, etc., are of a different tincture
from the other part.
Tira. See Tiara.
Tirret. A manacle,
Tirwhit. See Lapwing.
Tityrus. See Musimon.
Toad. A small batrachian
Tod. A Fox, borne
by the name of Todhunter.
Toison d'or. The
Tomahawk. An Indian
war-axe, depicted as a Pole-axe.
Tombs. See Monuments.
Tongs. See Closing
Ton. See Tun.
Topaz. A precious
stone, used to express gold in blazoning by precious
Torce. Or Torse.
Torch. A flambeau,
Torgant. See Torqued.
Torn. An ancient
name for spinning wheel.
Torqued. A Dolphin
Haurient is sometimes said to be a Dolphin Torqued.
Torquened. The same
Torteaux) a red roundle, termed in French cerises, cherries.
By some termed Wastell-cake.
Torteys. An old
term for Torteaux.
twisted, or wreathed.
Tournaments, Tilts and Justs.
These exercises were always performed on
horseback, (although the riders when both were dismounted,
might continue the combat on foot,) and were called
Justs, because they partook of the nature of regular
battle, or because the knights directed their horses
straight at each other-and Tournaments-from the French
"Tourner," because great skill was required in wheeling
and handling the charger. Single Knights tilted with
each other, but when two parties engaged in a sort of
general action it was termed a tournament. The weapons
used were lances, swords, maces, and axes. The lances
were sometimes sharp, but more usually had a blunted
head, called from its peculiar shape a Cronel. Combats
fought entirely on foot are by some writers termed tournaments
but improperly. They were always judicial combats, fought
"en champ clos" with axes and daggers. When any knights
wished to distinguish themselves by holding a Tournament
they caused notice to be given that they would be ready
at such a place to meet all comers in the lists, sometimes
even naming how many courses they would run with the
lance, and how many strokes exchange with sword or axe.
Both those who gave and those who accepted these challenges,
appeared armed cap-a-pie, with their Surcoats, Wreaths,
Crests, Mantles, Shields, and with their horses Barbed
and Caprisoned; their Esquires carrying their pennons
of arms before them. A Knight on coming near the barriers,
blew a horn in token of defiance, when the attendant
Heralds received his name, bearings, and proof of his
gentle blood; though these points were not always insisted
on. This being settled, the champions charged each other
from opposite ends of the lists after having saluted
the President of the Tourney and the Ladies, and if
either of them was unhorsed, lost his lance, stirrup,
helmet, or wounded his opponents horse, he was vanquished;
if both parties broke fairly their lances on each other,
in the courses which they had agreed to run, they parted
on equal terms.
Tourne. Turned towards
Tower. A Tower is
said to be Masoned when the cement is of a different
tincture trom the stones.
Towered or Turretted.
Having towers or turrets.
Towre, Pynakelyd and Imbatayled.
Old English for tower, roof and embattlements.
Tramels. A kind
of shoe. See Brogue.
Trammels. Same as
leading staff, tasselled as in the armorial bearings
of the Artillery Company, London.
Tranche. The same
as Per Bend.
Trangle. A diminutive
of the fesse; by some it is called a bar, by others
to water as if running through a bridge.
Transparent. Painted in shadow.
same as Transfixed.
or turned contraryways.
Transverse, Traverse or Doublet.
According to Guillim is a bearing resembling
a chevron, which issues from two angles of one side
of the shield, and meets in a point about the middle
of the other side. It may issue from either side, dexter
or sinister, the point should be mentioned in the blazon.
Traverse. Or Transverse.
Across the escutcheon horizontally.
Trecheur. See Tressure.
Tree. Trees in great
variety are met with in Coat Armour, e.g. The Alder,
Almond, Apple, Aspen, Ash, Banyan, Beech, Birch, Box,
Cedar, Cherry, Cocoa, Cotton, Cypress, Date, Elm, Fir,
Hawthorn, Linden or Lime, Mahogany, Oak, Olive, Orange,
Palm, Pear, Pine, Pollard-Willow, Paradise (Tree of),
Poplar, Salix, Savin, Thorn, Walnut, Willow, Yew, etc.
In blazoning a tree you must observe in what condition
it appears, whether spread, or blasted; and what kind
of Tree it is, whether bearing fruit; if so, it is termed
fructed. If a part only is borne, that part insist be
named as stem, stock, or stump, branches, fruit, leaves.
The Stem, Stock, or Stump, must be described, if standing,
as "erect"; if fallen, as "jacent"; if torn up by the
roots, as "eradicated"; if shooting forth leaves, as
"sprouting," etc. A branch with fruit is said to be
fructed; if with leaves only, it is termed a branch;
when without leaves, it is said to be withered; if torn
off, it is called slipped. A branch, if fructed, is
always supposed to consist of four leaves. If unfructed
of nine leaves, i.e. three slips set together on one
stem. A sprig should have five leaves, and a slip only
Treflée. A bend
treflée, as in the arms of the Prince of Wales. See
Treflée of trefoils.
Semée of Trefoils.
Trefoil. Three leaved
Treille. Or Trillise.
A Lattice, or Trellis, a pattern resembling fretty,
but always nailed at each intersection; also termed
Trenching Knife, as borne by
Trenchard. Same as Pruning Knife.
Trepan. A surgical
Tressure. Or Treschur.
The tressure passes round the field in the same shape
as the shield. When impaled, it is always to be omitted
on the side next the line of impalement. It is always
borne double and flory counterflory as in the royal
Arms of Scotland. This is sometimes blazoned the Royal
Tressure, or the Tressure of Scotland.
Same as Tressure.
Tressure Counter Flowered.
Same as Tressure-Counter-Flory.
Trestle, Tressel or Trussel.
A three legged stool.
Trevet. Or Trivet.
A circular, or triangular frame of iron with three feet.
Trewyt. See Trevet.
or Treble-Arched, having three arches.
Trian Aspect, in.
Three quartered. See Aspect Trian.
Triangle, in. Disposed
in the form of a triangle.
Triangled, or Trianglée. The same as Barry
Indented one into the other, or Barry Bendy Lozengy
A castle with three towers.
of the Trinity, with the legend.
The badge of Tyrell.
Tricking of Arms, Arms in Trick
or Tricked. Terms to denote a concise and
easy method used by Herald Painters and Engravers in
taking down Arms by Abbreviations.
Tricolore or Tricolour.
The emblem of France, of three colours, Blue,
White, and Red, and has been successively those of the
French Standard for many centuries.
bodies conjoined to one head, as three lions Incorporate,
Trident. A three-pronged
Trinacred. See Triquetra.
Trinity. This Heraldic
device which represents the Holy Trinity in an azure
field was the heraldic ensign of the monastery of Grey
Friars, called Christ Church, in the city of London.
It is also blazoned "TheTriangular Emblem of the Trinity
with the legend." The field is generally gu.
into three pieces, applicable to the field as well as
ordinaries and charges.
Triple, Thrice Repeated.
As triple towered.
Triple Crown. See
Triple Plume of Feathers.
Is composed of three rows, one above the
Trippant. Or Tripping.
A term applied to beasts of chase, as passant to those
Trippant Counter, or Counter
Trippant. When two animals are walking past
each other in opposite directions.
Triquetra, or Trinacria, of
Sicily. The ancient symbol of Sicily, as
represented on the gold medal for the Victory of Maida.
Tristram, or Truelove Knots.
Triton. A Sea God.
Triton sometimes, but improperly blazoned Neptune, should
be represented blowing a Murex (a shell), the Crest
Triumphal Crown, or Garland.
See Crown Triumphal.
Trivet. A frame
of iron with three supports.
Trompyts. Or Trompyls.
Old English for Trumpets.
Trononne. See Tron-onné.
Tron-onné et Demembree.
Cut in pieces, or dismembered, yet the pieces
are so placed as to preserve the outline.
Trout. A fish.
Trowel. A tool used
Trumpet. A wind
Truncated. See Trunked.
Truncheon. A short
staff. See Baton.
Trundle. A quill
of gold thread, used by Embroiderers, and borne in the
arms of their Company.
Trunk of a Tree.
Trunked. When the
main stock of a tree is borne of a different tincture
from the branches. It is also used in the same sense
Trussed. A term
to express that the wings of birds are closed. It is
an unnecessary term, as all birds are always understood
to have the wings close to the body, if not otherwise
Trussel. See Trestle.
Trussing. See Preying.
Tub. See Tun.
Tuberated, Gibbuns, Knotted,
or Swelled out. As the middle part of the
Tuck. A long narrow
Tudor-Rose. Is the
red rose of Lancaster, and the white rose of York, sometimes
quarterly of the two tinctures, or the red rose charged
with a white one.
Tulip. A flower.
Tuft. A bunch of
Tufted. A term applied
to the small bunches of hair on the Heraldic Tiger,
Tun. A barrel; if
not named to the contrary is depicted in a lying position.
Tunic, Tunique, or Tabard.
The surcoat worn by heralds and other officers
of Arms distinguished by the general name of Tabard;
but the tabard of a King of Arms is properly called
a Tunique; that of a Herald, a Placque; and that worn
by a Pursuivant, a Coat-of-Arms. All were alike, emblazoned
with the Arms of the Sovereign or Noble whom the wearer
served, and for this reason a surcoat was also termed
Houce des Armes.'
Turbot. A sort of
Turkey-cock. A large
Turks Head. See
Turned up. When
a cap or cuff is supposed to be folded back so as to
show its lining it is said to be turned up.
Turnip. A plant.
The Arms of Dammant are sa, a turnip ppr. a chief or.,
Turret, A small tower on the
top of another.
Turretted, Donjonnée. Applied to a tower or wall having
small towers upon it. See Castle and Tower,
towered or turretted.
Tushed. See Tusked.
Tusked, dente. A
term used in blazonry, when the tusks of an animal are
of a different tincture from its body.
in various ways, as a serpent targent tail wreathed,
or a serpent torqued.
Twisting. The same
as Twisted, or Torqued; or turned round anything.
Two and One. When
three charges are borne on a field, two in chief, and
one in base, they are sometimes blazoned two and one.
This disposition of three charges is always so understood,
if not ordered otherwise, and therefore it is unnecessary
to use the term two and one; but if more than three
charges of the same description are borne in a field
their position must be named.
Twyfoil, or Dufoil.
Two leaved foil, shaped like those of the Trefoil.
Tyger. See Tiger.
Tymbre. See Timbre.
Tynes. A name given
to the branches of the horns of stags.In blazoning their
number and tincture must be named; a stag's head attired
with ten tynes is borne by the family of Gordon.
Trying. Same as
Tyrwhitt. A Lapwing.